Pain Edu: Knee Pain

Pain Edu: Knee Pain

What is knee pain?

The true cause of knee pain is often found in the structures above or below the knee. Knee pain often occurs due to faulty mechanics of the pelvis, hip and foot. The knee is just the “middle man” that often gets injured when muscles of the hip are either too tight and overactive or when muscles are weak and not supporting the knee properly. Foot mechanics can also create knee problems if the foot strikes the ground improperly.

Pain Edu: Intro To Knee pain

Are you experiencing pain or have mobility issues in your knee? Click this video to learn about knee pain and how you can take certain steps to increase mobility and decrease pain.

Six common types of knee pain



Arthritis is a condition that refers to chronic inflammation or wearing down of cartilage in one or both knee joints. Cartilage in a healthy joint prevents individual bones from rubbing directly against each other. When joint protecting cartilage wears down or becomes inflamed, the bones make direct contact, resulting in stiffness, pain and movement difficulty.



Bursitis refers to the inflammation of your knee's "bursa", which is a fluid filled protective area surrounding the joint. Bursitis generally develops over years of kneeling (gardening or construction for example) or suddenly due to a knee injury.

Ligament injuries

Ligament injuries

Ligaments in the knee support the joint in effective movement. Ligament sprains or tears are common knee injuries. Someone with ligament issues often feels weakness in the knee and pain or swelling at the joint.



Chondromaicia is a degeneration of the cartilage surrounding the knee cap. The irritation caused by chondromalacia often causes pain in the knee when squatting or moving on stairs.

Meniscus Tear

Meniscus Tear

The meniscus is a crescent shaped piece of cartilage in the knee joint. When this cartilage tears it can cause inflammation and pain. Injury to the meniscus is often associated with younger athletes and older adults who have age associated knee wear.

Patellar Tendinitis

Patellar Tendinitis

Patellar tendinitis involves the tendon which runs in front of the knee. This from of tendinitis can cause pain in the knee, especially when moving.

What you can do about your knee pain

Alleviating knee pain involves identifying the source of your pain and any injuries that may have occurred. First, consult your doctor and discuss the recommended options for treating your knee pain. They may recommend limiting certain activities, medications and physical therapy. Try these helpful solutions in between or before your physical therapy appointment.



If your pain isn’t increased by movement, stretching the leg muscles could be the first step to decreasing knee pain.


Heat/Cold Packs

Applying heat or cold packs to the knee can help decrease inflammation and pain in the joint. Apply the packs in intervals of 15 minutes in order to reduce damage to the skin surrounding the knee.



When you experience pain it is critical to rest your knee and limit your activity so that the joint has an opportunity to heal.


Physical therapy

Our physical therapy approach combines technology, manual therapy and corrective exercise. We use all of these techniques in our therapy sessions, this separates us from other Physical Therapists in Orange County.

Six exercises for knee pain

Try these exercises to help alleviate your knee pain. Consult with your doctor or physical therapist before you try these and stop if you sense discomfort or pain.

Active Hamstring Stretch

Side Lying Quad Stretch

Straight Leg Raise

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